The four basic needs of almost all survival situations are shelter, water, fire and food. The following team helps meet the needs of these four priorities:. The order of importance of the following essential elements is determined by the needs of a given situation:. The human body needs water more than food.
Water is the basis of the building blocks of life. Find a source of fresh water and have the knowledge and skill to purify it for drinking. It's very important to know how to properly rank your survival priorities in a survival situation. Just as several injured people would be separated according to the urgency in a first-aid scenario.
The Rule of 3 for Survival Helps a Lot. How do we know what is more urgent? The Survival Rule of 3 is an easy way to remember potential challenges and the time frame available to address survival priorities. The first rule is that there are no rules, only rough guidelines. That's why I've taken 3 out of the rule of three to show a wider time range for different people and situations.
I highly recommend having knowledge and training in first aid in wilderness areas, but common sense can also help you discern between urgent problems and stable minor problems. Signage isn't as urgent as first aid or shelter, but you should be prepared to call for help as soon as possible. You never know when the next opportunity to send someone a signal might present themselves. Try to find high ground to send an emergency text message if there are mobile phone towers nearby.
Signal fires, signal mirrors, whistles, flares and plbs should be used where appropriate. Water is used by most processes in the human body, so naturally it is one of the most important needs. Suspicious water is better treated, but drinking dirty water is better than dying from dehydration. Stay away from water with obvious signs of toxicity, such as dead and unvegetated animals.
Your need for water will vary greatly depending on the heat and humidity of the environment and your activity levels. Our bodies are naturally prepared for short periods of starvation, which is why they tend to accumulate fat. Very few short-term survival situations require food. If you have been abandoned on a remote island with no prospect of being rescued in the coming weeks or months, food is a priority, but in most cases purchasing food is not.
Use common sense and act according to your unique circumstances and needs. The rule of the 3 survival mnemonics is just a guide; know your limits. More than 70 percent of human weight is water. Anything that disrupts this balance can cause serious dehydration.
Weather conditions in nature can cause fatal dehydration very quickly. Therefore, you need a way to compensate for any water loss from your body. Food provides the human body with the energy to perform optimally both physically and mentally. There are guidelines for the amount of calories you need per day for optimal performance.
You may need even more food in nature, but here, quality is better than quantity. The best examples are wheatgrass, maca powder and spirulina. Also, make sure food is ready to eat or easy to prepare. The food should be sufficient in quantity to feed him for the entire period that he will be in the open air.
In addition to the food you pack, you need skills on how to get food from the jungle. Prepare a descriptive list of all wild edible foods in advance. Any knife can be a lifesaver in the forest. However, a survival knife is a structurally specialized knife for excellent performance in survival situations.
The knife helps you clear roads, build shelter, prepare food and hunt for food. In addition, it is a formidable weapon of self-defense if you know how to handle it. Also use as an impromptu first aid component. Look for a fixed blade survival knife.
Its lack of moving mechanical parts gives it the durability and strength needed to be able to cut branches and twigs from larger trees. The knife must be sharp to make your work easier. Suffering an injury in a survival situation is something to be well prepared for. You may not be able to access emergency medical equipment on time due to the remoteness of nature.
A first aid kit is vital in this case. It can help stop worsening bleeding from minor injuries, mobilize injured limbs, and even cover wounds to prevent infections. You don't need to opt for the huge, fully equipped first aid kits. Survivors can benefit from smaller versions.
You can even reduce more weight from the kit by packing only the essentials, such as latex gloves, gauze, cotton, bandages, over-the-counter pain relievers and alcohol-based antibiotics and cleaning wipes. Mobile phones are often useless in emergency situations. Therefore, you must have a reliable way of communicating with the civilized world if you need help. A signaling device is crucial in nature.
Emergency personnel, bystanders, or even a passing plane can easily recognize a flash from a signal mirror or the sound of a whistle. Make sure you know how to send a signal for a faster response. While you can start a fire with the rudimentary methods of a hand drill or plow, it's a daunting task and the chances of success are limited. A lighter or matchbox gives you the safest way to start a fire with a single stroke.
There are now waterproof matches that allow you to start a fire even in damp conditions. You can't underestimate the importance of rope or rope in a survival situation. It's a multi-purpose item that can significantly increase your chances of doing it in nature. Aim for the 550 parachute rope, commonly known as a parachute rope.
It is a rugged, resistant, lightweight and portable product. The rope will allow you to build an emergency shelter using a tarp or a large garbage bag. In addition, it will help you hang or lift food out of reach of wild animals. The ability to stretch when wet is one of the most incredible features that make the parachute cord special for emergencies.
Hopefully, this list of 10 things you need to survive in the desert is all-encompassing. This doesn't mean you don't need other items. Here are the basics you need to make sure your bag is part of your outdoor readiness. But, the list isn't complete without mentioning your mental faculties and a trustworthy friend.
Only a trusted friend can help you if the situation gets serious. It is also necessary to be imaginative, reflective and creative to invent new ways of survival in different emergencies. . .